People believe that Facebook gives you the power to keep information from going public, but that isn't the case! The Exact Facebook Terms can be found at https://www.facebook.com/legal/proposeddup, but here is a summary....
Some stories are always public stories and if you choose to comment on them, your comments will be public. When other people share information about you, THEY choose if your information is shared publicly or not! This is when choosing your friends wisely comes into play. "As a general rule, you should assume that if you do not see a sharing icon, the information will be publicly available." (Facebook Terms)
Your profile photos and cover photos are always public along with your name and username. If you don't want people to see your profile or cover photos forever, you need to delete them from the album. You can change the audience for your profile pictures one at a time following directions found at https://www.facebook.com/help/290447131050867. The Networks you affiliate yourself with are public knowledge.
What can you do about it? Facebook's advice is clear, if you don't want to share this information... Delete Your Account!
As an avid user of Facebook, I try to be mindful of what I share on my page. If I check-in at a venue, I make sure I am ready to receive guests. On more than one occasion, my friends have pulled up a chair and joined me for a drink. I love it... I am a social person. If that's not you, then don't check-in, post pics, or advertise your activities in the moment... post them after the fact.